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2017年大学英语统考大纲试题(题型版六)

时间:2017-05-25 15:43  来源:未知
阅读理解B
1、Careful and careless are different as fire and water. But it is strange that quite a few scientists have both these qualities. They are both careful and careless. Newton(牛顿), the famous English scientist, was such a person.
Once Newton invited a friend to dinner at home. When they were ready to eat, Newton left to get a bottle of wine. But after his friend had waited for a long time, Newton still didn't come back. At last his friend found Newton in his lab. When Newton was going to get the bottle of wine, he suddenly had a new idea for his experiment. So he quite forgot his friend and the dinner. Another time, Newton was leading a horse up a mountain, and held the rein(缰绳)in his hand. While he was walking, he kept thinking about problems. When he got to the top of the mountain, he found that the rein was not in his hand and that the horse was gone.
Einstein(爱因斯坦)was another example. Once he was waiting for a friend at a bridge. While waiting, he became lost in thought. It started to rain. The rain kept on for some time. When he took out a piece of paper to write something down, the paper was wet and then he knew that it was raining. But after he put the paper into his pocket, he forgot he was standing in the rain again.
 
1)、When Newton and his friend began to eat, Newton had a new idea for his experiment.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、Newton was riding his horse up to the mountain top.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、Einstein kept thinking in the rain.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Newton and Einstein were careless about their lives, and careful in their studies.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、All scientists are both careful and careless like Newton and Einstein.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2、Oil is so important that it is sometimes called “black gold”. Almost half of our energy comes from oil. We use it to run our cars and factories and to heat our homes, offices and schools. Many everyday things are made from oil. Your shirt may have oil in the material. The soap you wash your hands with might also be made from oil. Your favorite plastic toy is made from oil.
Oil is hard to find, because it is trapped deep under the earth. Once the only way people knew there was oil someplace if it leaked out of the ground. Today, however, we have many ways of finding oil. One tool measures the pull of gravity. Places where gravity is weaker are more likely to have oil. Another tool is sound waves. Sound waves travel through different kinds of rocks at different speeds. We can use them to find the rocks that have oil in them.
We need a lot of oil, and we are using up the oil wells we know about. Soon we must find new ways of looking for this “black gold”.
1)、From this passage, we can know oil is a source of energy.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、According to the passage, we can tell that oil is found only under water.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、Sound waves travel through different kinds of rocks at different speeds.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Many things are made from oil.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The main idea of the whole story is that oil is important for us but hard to find.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3、Mr Perkin stood at the bus-stop and watched the cars go by. Many of the cars were new Beta 400s, and most of them were yellow. Mr Perkin always wore the same clothes as other men, ate the same food as other people, and did the same things after work, and at the end of the week, Mr Perkin did not like to be different.
The following week, Mr Perkin bought a new, bright yellow Beta 400s. He was satisfied with it, and drove to work in it the very next day. He was even more satisfied with his new car, when he saw all the other Beta 400s, in front, behind, and on both sides of him.
Mr Perkin parked his car in a big car-park near his office, and walked the rest of the way. But when he came back at five o'clock, there were so many bright yellow Beta 400s in the car-park that he did not know which car was his. He tried his key in some of the cars, but people passing by gave him a look he didn't like. So he stopped.
Poor Mr Perkin had to wait nearly two hours until his was the only yellow Beta 400s in the car-park.
 
1)、Mr Perkin wanted a new yellow Beta 400s because he liked to do the same as other people.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、He drove to work in his new car the very next day.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、He was satisfied with his new car because other cars were not as bright as his.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、People gave him a look because he had a nice new car.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、Mr Perkin had to wait until there was only one yellow Beta 400s in the car-park.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4、Many people now keep animals as pets. Numerous people have cats and dogs in their houses. Other people like fish, caged birds, tortoises and even snakes, monkeys or lions. Millions of dollars and much time are spent every year on pet food, equipment, taming and medical treatment.
Of course, there are some people who do not look after their pets properly or are even cruel to them. For this reason a royal society was created in 1824 in Britain to prevent cruel treatment of animals.
In contrast to the love of pets is the fact that blood sports still exist in most countries. People go hunting foxes, elephants, pandas, ducks, rabbits, and other animals, or go fishing, not because they need the meat to eat, but just for pleasure. In some countries, blood sports like bull fighting and cock fighting are common and hunting rare animals for commercial purposes has brought about an even more serious problem in the protection of the ecosystem.
It is strange that people love certain animals, but enjoy killing others, in cruel ways, too.
1)、Most people spend a large amount of money and time taking care of their pets.                               
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Horse racing is a blood sport.                       
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、The speaker's attitude toward blood sports is that they are cruel.          
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Illegel killing of rare animals seems to affect the earth's ecosystem most seriously.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The passage mainly implys that rare animals should be killed for profits.                           
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5、Long ago, there was a rich man. He had a very big house with a lot of treasures. He had many servants to look after it for a few days. One day, two silver saucers were stolen from the cupboard. After a few days, another two saucers were stolen again. The rich man was very angry. He thought, "Someone must have stolen them. I must catch the thief, or another two saucers would be stolen in a few days."
Then he had an idea. He called in all his servants and said, "Some of my silver saucers have disappeared. Someone among you must have taken them. Who has taken them?"
The servants looked at one another and kept quiet. The rich man said," I shall catch the thief myself. I am giving each of you a stick. Look, all the sticks are of the same length. Keep the sticks. Bring them back tomorrow. The thief's stick will grow two centimeters longer."
That evening, Salleh, one of the servants, went home sadly. His wife asked him, "Why are you so sad this evening?"
"This stick will grow two centimeters longer tomorrow because I have taken the silver saucers," he said.
"Oh, don't worry. Cut off two centimeters from the stick," his wife said. "In other words, your stick will be of the same length as any of the other sticks."
When Salleh heard this, he was very happy. At once, he cut off two centimeters from the stick with a knife.
The next day, each of the servants brought back his stick. The rich man then measured each of the sticks. He found Salleh's stick shorter by two centimeters, Salleh was the thief. He was caught and put into prison. The rich man got back the stolen saucers. 
 
1)、The silver saucers were kept in a box.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、The rich man found six silver saucers were stolen.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、The rich man gave each of his servants a stick of the same length.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The next day, the rich man knew that Salleh was the thief because Salleh's stick was shorter by two centimeters.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、Salleh did as what his wife told him.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
6、Many years ago there lived a very rich man who wanted to do something for people of this town. But first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help. In the center of the main road into the town he placed a very large stone. Then he hid behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow.
"Who put his stone in the center of the road?" said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued his way.
Another man came along and did the same thing; then another came, and another. All of them complained about the stone in the center of the road but none of them tried to remove it. Later in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone and said, "The night will be very dark. Some neighbor will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone." The young man then began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his strength to remove it. How great was his surprise at last when, under the stone, he found a bag of money and a piece of paper with these words: "This money is for the first honest man who removes this stone from the road."
 
1)、The rich man wanted to find out whether the people of the town were worthy of his help.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The man put a sack of rice in the center of the road.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、Most people tried to move the stone away.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、The young man found a bag of money and a letter under the stone.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、A very rich man wanted to do something for the poor people of the city.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
7、Jean-Michael Lourdis was a promising young pianist. But when the young man played, it seemed to him, as if his hands were iron. He worried so much about his playing that he became oversensitive (过度敏感的) to the comments of his playing. Unfortunately, in those days, a critic(批评家) was not considered a critic, unless he found something wrong. This attitude of the critics would often leave the young man ready to give up his dream and return home.
He was invited to play in Helsinki. The rich, the famous, the leaders of State were all there. Jean-Michael had one of those days when everything went wrong. That night as he played, he felt as if it were the worst concert of his young life. The next day, in the newspapers, some of the comments were so unkind. The young musician was painful.
That day, as he sat in his hotel room in total despair(绝望), there came a knocking at his door. He had a visitor. The famous Finnish composer(作曲家) Jean Sibelius had come by to congratulate the young pianist on his performance. Jean-Michael asked how he thought of that and began to quote some of the newspaper critics. "Hands of iron. No imagination. Little skill, no joy. Don't you hear what they say?" he asked.
Jean Sibelius looked at young Jean-Michael and said, " Remember, son, there is no city in the world where they have erected a statue(雕像) for a critic."
 
1)、According to the passage, Jean-Michael Lourdis cared too much about what the critics had said.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、A critic in those days usually said kind and encouraging words to musicians.
 
 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、The young musician was painful because some of the comments were so unkind.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The comments mentioned all EXCEPT little skill.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、Jean Sibelius came to visit the young musician because he wanted to tell the young man his performance was great.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
8、Gladys Holm was a secretary(秘书). She worked in an office all her life. Gladys earned(挣) about $ 15,000 a year. She died when she was 86 years old. And she left a big surprise---$ 18 million! She gave the money to a children's hospital.
Gladys Holm never got married or had any children. But she always liked children, and she wanted to help them. When her friend's daughter was ill in hospital, Gladys brought her a teddy bear. After that, she visited the hospital many times. Every time she visited, she brought teddy bears for those children. After that, people started to call Gladys the “Teddy Bear Lady”.
Gladys always gave toys and presents to her friends and family but no one knew she had a lot of money. She lived in a small house outside Chicago. Everyone was very surprised when they learned she was a millionaire. A family friend said, “She always gave us nice presents and things, but we didn't know she was rich.
How did Gladys get so much money? She asked her boss how to earn more money, and she listened to what he said. She bought the stocks(股票) that he told her to buy, and she got very rich. Before she died, she talked to her friends about “giving something to the children's hospital”. No one knew that the “something” was $ 18 million!
1)、Gladys Holm often gave children teddy bears because she liked children very much.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Gladys was called the “Teddy Bear Lady”.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Everyone was surprised that Gladys lived such a long life.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、She got rich as she did another job in the hospital.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、When Gladys Holm became a millionaire, she still lived in the same way.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
9、In the eighteenth century young ladies in Italy knew history and geography little.
Once the French officer in Rome was giving a ball to which many important people were invited. The Italian Minister(大臣) came very late. A young lady, who knew him, saw him enter the ball-room and asked why he was so late.
"Oh, nothing important," answered the Minister. " Our head forgot to take his letters with him and went back to his hotel to bring them. If he had left them in Brazil we should have had to wait at least six months for them."
"Is Brazil so far from Rome?" asked the lady, who knew very little geography.
"It is in the New World," said the Minister.
"In the New World?" repeated the lady in great surprise.
"Yes, in the New World, which was discovered by Christopher Columbus."
When the young lady heard this, she rushed into the middle of the ball-room and shouted as loud as she could:
"Ladies and gentlemen, have you heard the latest news? A new world has just been discovered by a certain Christopher Columbus."
1)、The head left his letters in the hotel.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The minister left his letters in his office.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、The young lady shouted because she knew the Minister.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Her shouting showed she was lack of knowledge.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The best title for the passage is 'An Ignorant Italian Woman'.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
10、One way that scientists learn about man is by studying animals, such as mice and monkeys. The scientists in this laboratory are experimenting on mice. They are studying the relationship between diet and health. At this time, over one hundred experiments are being done in this laboratory.
In one of these experiments, the scientists are studying the relationship between the amount of food the mice eat and their health. The mice are in three groups. All three groups are receiving the same healthy diet. But the amount of food that each group is receiving is different. The first group is eating one cup of food each day, the second group is eating two cups, and the third group of mice is eating three cups.
After three years, the healthiest group is the one that is only eating one cup of food each day. The mice in this group are thinner than normal mice. But they are more active. Most of the day, they are running, playing with one another, and using the equipment in their cages. Also, they are living longer. Mice usually live for two years. Most of the mice in this group are still alive after three years.
The second group of mice is normal weight. They are healthy, too. They are active, but not as active as the thinner mice. But they are only living about two years, not the three years or more of the thinner mice.
The last group of mice is receiving more food than the other two groups. Most of the day, these mice are eating or sleeping. They are not very active. These mice are living longer than the scientists thought - about a year and a half. But they aren't as healthy. They're sick more often than the other two groups.
1)、The scientists in the laboratory are studying the relationship between the amount of food and diet.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、The first two groups are receiving the most food.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、The first group is the thinnest because they do not have a healthy diet.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Normal mice usually live for two years.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The text tells us that people who eat less and exercise more will live longer.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
11、Modern life is impossible without traveling. The fastest way of traveling is by plane. With a modern airliner you can travel in one day to places which it takes a month or more to get to a hundred years ago.
Traveling by train is slower than by plane, but it has its advantages. You can see the country when you are traveling through. Modern trains have comfortable seats and dining-cars. They make even the longest journey enjoyable.
Some people prefer to travel by sea when possible. There are large liners and river boats. You can visit many other countries and different parts of your country on them. Ships are not so fast as trains or planes, but traveling by sea is a very pleasant way to spend a holiday.
Many people like to travel by car. You can make your own timetable. You can travel three or four hundred miles or only fifty or one hundred miles a day, just as you like. You can stop wherever you wish - where there is something interesting to see, at a good restaurant where you can enjoy a good meat, or at a hotel to spend the night. That is why traveling by car is popular for pleasure trips, while people usually take a train or plane when they are traveling on business.
 
1)、From the passage, we know the fastest way of traveling is by plane.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The underlined word “They” in the passage refers to comfortable seats and dining-cars.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、If we travel by car, we can make our own timetable.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、When people travel on business, they usually take a plane or a car.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、Four ways of traveling are mentioned in the passage.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
12、Peter wondered why he didn't have many friends. The reason was he was always taking, never giving.
One day Peter told Bill, “I'd like to give a party on Saturday,  I'd like you to come and bring Martha, too.” “Thanks, Peter. We'd be happy to come.” “Perhaps you'd like to bring your violin. You and Martha sing well together. I'm sure everyone will want you to sing for us.” That was how Peter began to plan his party. Next he asked another friend, Betty, to bring a cake. “You make the best cake in the world, Betty, and I like to eat your cake better than have one from the bakery.” Peter invited a few other friends to come to his party. He didn't forget to ask something from each one of them. He even asked Jim and Mary Jackson to let him give the party at their house! They agreed.
The party was a big success. However, as the guests were leaving, they said “Thank you ” to Bill and Martha for the music, Betty for the cake, the Jacksons for the use of the house and to others for their hard work. To Peter they just said, “Thanks for the invitation.”
1)、The party was held at Peter's house.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、Betty made the best cake.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、All his friends liked Peter.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Peter did everything to give the party.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、From the story, we can see Peter was a selfish man.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
13、Have you ever listened to young children talking in the playground? They are always boasting. They say things like, "My Dad's car is bigger than your Dad's, "and "My Mom is smarter than yours." They particularly like to boast about their families.
There were three little boys, Harry, Ted and Gavin, who were always boasting. Gavin was the worst. Everything about his family was always the best or the biggest or the most expensive.
Whatever the others said, he could always go on better. One day when they were walking to school, Harry said, "My father had a bath twice a week," Ted spoke next. " That's nothing," he said. "Having a bath twice a week is dirty. My father has a bath every day, sometimes twice a day." Ted looked at Gavin. Now it was his turn. But what could he say? " This time, " Ted thought, " I'm going to win." Gavin didn't know what to say. He couldn't say that his father had a bath three times a day. That was silly. He walked on in silence. Ted smiled at Harry,and Harry smiled back. They were sure that for once they had beaten Gavin. They reached the school gates. Still Gavin said nothing. They went into class. Morning break,lunch time and afternoon break all passed. Still Gavin said nothing. "We've won, " Ted said to Harry, but he spoke too soon. On the way home, Gavin said, "My Dad is so clean that he doesn't have to bathe at all."
1)、According to the passage,the meaning of the word "boast" is " to talk big ".
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Harry boasted about the number of times his father had a bath every week.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Gavin boasted the most.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Ted's father often had a bath twice a day.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、"He spoke too soon" in the last paragraph means he was wrong.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
14、Americans, like many people elsewhere in the world, like to invite friends to their homes for an evening of food, drink and conversation. Formal dinners in fine homes and hotels in the United States are much the same as formal dinners anywhere in the world. But as most people in the United States have no servants, their dinner parties at home are decidedly informal. As many new small homes have no separate dining room or just have very small dining space, guests can also serve themselves and eat in the living room, holding their plates or trays on their knees.
A more enjoyable form of entertainment is the picnic. Americans are great picnickers, and almost every family has a picnic basket. Summer invitations are often for a picnic at a park or in the open countryside. Unless hamburgers or hot dogs are cooked over a fire, picnic food is usually cold - sandwiches, salads, potato chips, pickles. Watermelon is a favorite dessert, followed very often by baseball for the young and active, and naps for the old and weary.
1)、Americans like to invite their friends over to dinner at their homes.                   
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Most Americans prefer informal parties because they cannot afford formal ones.                
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、Guests sit and eat at an informal dinner, in the dining room or in the living room.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、According to the passage, people seldom have hot food at a picnic.  
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The picnic is considered a more enjoyable form of meal because a dessert is always serveal.          
A.T
B.F
答案:B
15、Everybody talks about the weather, but nobody does anything about it. It is true. People usually begin their talks with "Isn't it a nice day?" "Do you think it will rain?" "What a fine day!", etc.
Many people think they can tell what the weather is going to be like. But they hardly agree with each other. One man may say, "Do you see how cloudy it is in the east? It's going to rain tomorrow." Another man will say, "No, it's going to be fine tomorrow."
People often look for the weather they want. When a farmer needs water, he looks for something to tell him it's going to rain; he won't believe anything else. When friends have a travel, they are sure the weather is going to clear up very quickly.
Almost everyone listens to what the weatherman says. But he doesn't always tell us what we want, and once in a while he makes a mistake. Still, he probably comes closer to being correct than anyone else.
1)、"Nobody does anything about the weather" means nobody can change weather.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Talking about the weather is a common way to start a talk.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Many people hope the weather will be like what they like it to be.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、A weatherman probably is a man who can change weather.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The weatherman always gives correct information.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
16、A film crew was at the Circle Five Ranch to film a Marlboro commercial. This was in 1868, before they prohibited cigarette ads from American television. Darrell Winfield was watching the crew set up the equipment. The scene included an actor crossing a river on horseback, but when the time came to shoot, the man was too drunk to ride. Someone from the crew saw Winfield and asked him if he would ride the horse for 50 dollars. “Hell,” said Winfield, “for 50 bucks, I'll jump that damn horse over the moon!”
To people in many countries, Winfield is just a familiar but nameless face, a simple cowboy with an advertising message about a connection between the West and a brand of cigarettes. Few people know that he is 55, a family man who's been married to the same woman for 37 years and has 5 children and 7 grandchildren. Most surprisingly, he's a real, working cowboy who raises horses in his ranch in Wyoming.
One of the most striking things about the Marlboro Man is that success hasn't changed him much. He says that complete strangers sometimes come up to him and say, “I've met you,know you from somewhere. ”Whenever it happens, he says that he gets embarrassed.
 
 
1)、Marlboro commercials were allowed on television in America before 1868.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The word “prohibited” in the first paragraph mean "forbidden".
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、When they filmed the ad, Winfield was too drunk. 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、From the passage, we know that Winfield was a rich man. 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、When people recognized Winfield, he felt uncomfortable.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
17、Nowadays, any Chinese can enjoy the luxury (奢侈) of owning a private car, if he or she has enough money to buy it. Having a car of your own means no more traveling on crowded buses or subway trains, and you can drop off the children at school on the way. What's more, it also means that you can enjoy the weekends and holidays better, because with a car you can go to places where the regular buses and trains do not go to.
However, besides the advantages of owning a car, there are also disadvantages of owning a car. On one hand, with the increasing number of the private cars, the roads are becoming more and more crowded, and it often makes the journey hard and more and more traffic accidents happen. On the other hand, we know the prices of gasoline and repairs are constantly rising, so it is very expensive to run a car. You have to pay more for a license and insurance.
Comparing the advantages and disadvantages of owning a car, we can make a conclusion that the advantages of owning a car outweigh (超过) the disadvantages. Therefore, it seems that China should increase its output of cars and make the private car market larger. The result would be that cars would become cheaper and cheaper.
 
1)、Private cars can take you to places where the regular buses do not go.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The roads are crowded because of the rising number of private cars.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、If the private car market becomes larger, cars will become cheaper and cheaper.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、According to the writer, to take a bus is better than to drive a car.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The best title for the passage is “The Market of the Private Cars”.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
18、Johnny Kelley is 86 years old. He has just run the last eleven kilometers of the Boston Marathon. It took him one hour and fifteen minutes to run the eleven kilometrers. After his run, he went to the hospital center. The nurse was surprised and pleased to see his blood pressure was 139 over 84. She told him that his blood pressure was very good. Then she said, “I wish mine were that good.”
Johnny Kelley is known as the great grandfather of the Boston Marathon. He ran all the 42 kilometres of the marathon 61 times. This year was the second time that he has cut back and run only part of it. Kelley holds the record(保持记录)  for running more Boston Marathon than anyone else.
Thousands of people cry “come on”(加油) to him as he runs. Today an 11-year-old boy called out to Kelley. “Hey, Mr. Kelley, you are great, Great man.” Kelley smiles and thanks people as he runs. “It's wonderful.” he said. “people come out to shake my hand. I am welcomed by thousands of people. I think a lot of them thought I ran the whole race. And maybe they congratulated me because they know me after all these years and they don't know the other runners. ”
1)、Kelley is known as the great grandfather of Boston Marathon because Kelley ran all the 42 kilometres of Boston Marathon 61 times.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、When Kelley said it was wonderful, he meant that he was welcomed by thousands of people.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Kelley holds the record for running the fastest.
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B.F
答案:B
4)、Kelley went to the hospital center after the race to have a good rest.
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B.F
答案:B
5)、Johnny Kelley was very old but quite healthy.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
19、Here is a story told an American general (将军) who was a very important figure in the American army during the First World War. Everybody in the United States knew him and many people wished to have a picture or something of his in their homes.
Soon after the war the general returned to Washington. One day he went to a dentist and had six teeth pulled out. A week later the general heard that his teeth were being sold in curiosity shops (古玩店) at $5 each. On each of the teeth there was a label with the name of the general and words, "Buy these teeth and show them to your friends at home." The general got angry. He rushed to his office and ordered six officers to go around the city and buy all his teeth.
The officers went out and visited every curiosity shop in the capital. They were away from the office all day. In the evening they returned and put on the table in front of the general the teeth they had bought. They had collected 175 teeth.
1)、The general's teeth were sold in the museum.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、In the evening, the officers went back with all the teeth which cost $175.
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B.F
答案:B
3)、The general felt angry when he heard his teeth were sold.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、There was the general's picture on the label of each tooth.
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B.F
答案:B
5)、The general ordered his men to look for his teeth and buy all of them.
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B.F
答案:A
20、Mobile phone has become a problem for middle schools. Some middle schools in Australia have stopped students from carrying mobile phones during school hours.
Mobile phone use among children has become a problem for the school this year. Several children have got mobile phones as Christmas presents, and more students will want them.
Mary Bluett, an official, said: “Mobile phone use is a distraction(分心的事) to students during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their classrooms. Teachers were also saying that sometimes students might use phone messages to cheat during exams.”
She said that some schools tried to ban(禁止) mobile phones. Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't get in touch with their children.
Many teachers said that students should not have mobile phones at school, but if there was a good reason, they could leave their phones at school office. They also said there were many reasons why the students should not have mobile phones at school: they were easy to lose and were a distraction from studies.
Many people say that they understand why parents would want their children to have phones, but they think that schools should let the students know when they can use their mobile phones.
1)、We know from the passage that some children get mobile phones from their parents and friends.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Some middle schools in Australia have banned students from carrying mobile phones when they are at school.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The underlined word “cheat” means “核对”.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn’t get in touch with their children during school hours.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The passage tells us that students shouldn’t have mobile phones at school except for some special reasons.
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B.F
答案:A
21、On a practical level, teachers need a wide variety of skills and abilities. They have to be ready to spend many hours at home planning their lessons and preparing homework. They have to be well organized in class, patient with students, able to appear bright and interested even if they are in fact tired or unhappy, and lively enough to control a group of young people for almost 200 days a year. Outside the classroom, they may have to prepare teaching materials, to choose books to use as texts, to help organize the work of other teachers, or to organize spare time activities for students.
If you think that you have all the necessary qualities, you may feel that you would like to be a teacher. If you live in the United States, one way to decide is by joining a club for future teachers, such as Student Action for Education. Clubs like this give advice about your field, and also allow you to watch teachers at work, attend meetings and experiment with teaching methods and equipment. You could also talk with the job advisor at your school or university. Finally, you could try teaching a younger student or becoming an advisor at a summer camp for children. Any activity in which you are dealing with, children will help you decide whether you have a calling for teaching. 
1)、A teacher should show a firm mind that is able to control tiredness and unhappiness.
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B.F
答案:A
2)、The first paragraph is mainly about how to plan lessons and prepare homework.
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B.F
答案:B
3)、The second paragraph is about ways to decide whether teaching should be one's future employment.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Student Action for Education is an activity at a summer camp.
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B.F
答案:B
5)、The author suggests that talking with job advisors will help you make decisions on taking a teaching job.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
22、Pearl Carlson was shaken awake at 3:30 a.m. by a forceful pull. King, the family dog, was trying to pull her out of the bed. Then she smelled smoke and heard the sound of fire from her parent's room. Pearl's screams awaked her mother, Fern, and father, Howard, who had recently been in hospital for lung disease. Helping Howard to a first-floor window, Fern told him to climb out, then ran to her daughter.
Still inside, King appeared at Pearl's window, making squeaking (短促尖叫) sounds. When running toward Pearl's bedroom, Fern realized her husband hadn't yet escaped. She made her way back through the smoke and flames, following King's sound to where Howard lay semiconscious (半昏迷) on the floor. Fern helped him get outside. King came out only after both were safe.
As day dawned, the Carlsons saw that King's paws were badly burnt, and his entire body was burnt, too. His chain collar had gotten so hot that it burnt his throat, making it impossible for him to bark (叫) normally. Only after the seven-year-old dog refused food did they find pieces of wood in his mouth and realize that King, who slept outside, had bitten through a wood door to warn his family.
1)、According to the story, the first one who was completely out of danger could be Fern.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、King was the family's dog.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、When the master's room caught fire, the dog waked Pearl up.
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B.F
答案:A
4)、After reading this story, we've learnt that the dog was badly burned and not able to eat.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、From this story it can be inferred that the dog is man's best friend.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
23、A driver stopped his car on a street side to have a rest. As he lay down in the seat and closed his eyes, a man came up and knocked at the window to ask the time. The driver opened his eyes and looked at his watch.     “It's 8 a.m.,” he said. Then he went to sleep again.
But soon he woke up because a second person was knocking at the window. “Sir, do you have the time?” he asked. The driver looked at his watch again, and told the man it was 8:30 a.m..
At this rate (照此下去), he could not have a good rest, so he wrote a short note and put it up on the window for all to see. It said, “I don't have the time.”
Again the man lay down in the seat for his sleep. A few minutes later, a third person came along and began knocking at the window. “Hey, sir,” he said, “it's a quarter to nine.”
1)、He was woken up again by the second person a few minutes later.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、The driver stopped his car because he was very tired.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The driver had a very good rest after he put up the note on the window.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、The third person came to knock at the window to tell him the time.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、According to this passage, we know that the driver didn't have his own house.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
24、Newspapers, along with reporting the news, educate, entertain, and give opinions. An important way of reading a large, big-city newspaper is to put it into different sections. Can you find these separate sections: world news, national and local news, sports, business, entertainment, opinions, ads? Does your newspaper have other sections?
News stories give facts, not the reporters' opinions. Some newspaper editorials (社论) come out with the writer's name, but many newspapers only carry editorials without putting the writers' names on.
You can be a better reader if you know what to expect in a newspaper. For example, you can expect headlines (新闻标题) to leave out unnecessary words. You can expect to find the most important facts in the lead paragraph (the first paragraph) of a news story. You can expect important news items to be on the front page. You can expect less important items to be on the inside pages.
Most of all, the more you know about news of the present time, the more you will understand what is in the newspaper. Important stories are generally presented one day and followed up on following days. So, an important way to read newspapers is reading one frequently.
1)、Important news items are usually on the inside pages.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、A good way to read a newspaper is to find separate sections and read according to your needs.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Newspaper headlines contain no unnecessary words.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、If you are reading for major facts in the news stories, you should read the headlines only.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The writer suggests that we should read one newspaper frequently.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
25、A man got into a train and found himself sitting opposite a woman who seemed to be about thirty-five years old. Soon they began talking to each other, and the man said to her, "Do you have a family?"
"Yes, I have one son," the woman answered.
"Oh, really?" said the man. "Does he smoke?"
"No, he's never touched a cigarette," the woman replied.
"That's good," the man continued. "I don't smoke either. Tobacco is very bad to one's health. And does your son drink wine?"
"Oh, no," the woman answered at once. "He's never drunk a drop of it."
"Then I congratulate you, ma'am," the man said. "And does he ever come home late at night?"
"No, never," his neighbor answered. "He goes to bed immediately after dinner every night."
"Well," the man said, "he's a wise young man. How old is he?"
"He's six months old today. But he will grow up to be a gentleman," the woman replied proudly.
1)、The man and the woman are talking about the woman's son. 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The woman thinks her son will be a gentleman.     
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The conversation took place on a train.        
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The word "disappointed" probably best describes the man's feeling at the end of the conversation.    
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The woman is so proud of her son that she does not really understand what the man's questions mean.  
A.T
B.F
答案:B
26、Large modern cities are too big to control. They impose their own living conditions on the people who live in them. City-dwellers(居住在城市的人)have to adopt an unnatural way of life. They lose touch with the land and the rhythm of nature so that they are hardly conscious of the seasons.
A few flowers in a public park may remind people that it is spring or summer and a few leaves on the roadside may remind them that it is autumn. Beyond that, what is going on in nature seems totally unrelated to them. All the simple, good things of life, such as sunshine and fresh air are far away. Tall buildings blot out(把…遮住) the sun, and waste gases from cars pollute the air. Even the distinction between day and night is lost. In the night, it is almost as bright and noisy as it is in the day and people are busy with what they hope to deal with.
The funny thing about it all is that city-dwellers pay dearly for living in the city. The prices for houses are so high that it is often impossible for ordinary people to buy a house of their own. High rents must be paid for small flats which even country hens would dislike to live in. Moreover, the cost of living is very high. Everything you buy is likely to be more expensive than it would be in the country.
1)、It can be seen from the passage that the author doesn't like living in the city.
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B.F
答案:A
2)、According to the 1stparagraph, city-dwellers don't have a natural way of life.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The phrase “the rhythm of nature”in the 1stparagraph refers to the change of seasons.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Thecost of living in large modern cities is very low.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、It can be inferred from the passage that the author loves nature and hopes to be close to it.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
27、No one knows who made the first ice cream. Some people think that water ices and milk ices may have been made by the Chinese between three thousand and four thousand years ago. In time, the dish reached India. The Indians, in turn, may have passed on the secret to the Arabs and Persians. The Persians called their dish Sharbat, from which our word sherbet(冰冻果子露)comes.
Marco Polo, an Italian who traveled widely in the thirteenth century, noted that he found the Chinese had long been making ices out of fruit juices and milk. From the fourteenth century on, ices became popular, first in Venice and then throughout Italy.
In 1533, when Catherine de Medicis left Italy to marry the future King Henry Ⅱof France, she took her cooks with her. They made desserts the French had never tasted before. Among them was "ice cream". For each day of the wedding festivities(庆祝活动,庆典) Catherine's cooks prepared a different flavor of her favorite dessert-"ice cream."
At first ice cream was a luxury(奢侈品) in France. Only rich people had money to buy it. Then, in 1660, a young man from Sicily, Francisco Procopio, arrived in Paris. He opened a shop that sold ice cream at prices people could afford. Procopio's"ice-cream parlor(店堂)" became so popular that other shops were opened.
About 1640, King Charles I introduced ice cream to England. He had heard it was popular in Italy and France. He served ice cream for dessert at a banquet(宴会). The surprise dish was a great success. The King ordered his cook to keep the recipe(制作方法) for ice cream a secret. Charles felt that only royalty(王室) should serve the dessert. But the secret soon leaked out. Ice cream quickly became popular in England too.
1)、This passage is mainly about the history of ice cream.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Marco Polo's remark shows that he traveled in India.
 
 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、Ice cream was unknown in France until 1640.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Ice cream was introduced to England by King Charles I.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、Development of ice cream in France and other countries is discussed in the passage.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
28、I felt very sad not to be able to get the ticket for the film Titanic last Friday. I learned in the newspaper that tickets could be bought at the cinema box office (售票处) in Richland Hills any day between 10:00 and 4:00. Since I work from 9:00 to 5:30, the only time I could go to the cinema was during my 45-minute lunch time. It is a pity that the cinema is on the other side of the town, and the bus service between my office and Richland Hills is not very good. But if you are lucky, you can make the round trip in 45 minutes.
Last Monday I stood at the bus stop for fifteen minutes, waiting for a bus. By the time I saw one come around the corner, there was not enough time left to make the trip. So I had to go back to the office. The same thing happened on Tuesday, and again on Wednesday. On Thursday my luck changed. I got on a bus right away and arrived at the cinema in twenty minutes. But when I got there, I found a long line of people at the box office. I heard one man say that he had been waiting in line for over an hour. I found that I would not have enough time to wait in line, I caught the next bus and went back across the town.
By Friday I understood my only hope was to make the trip by car. It was expensive, but I felt that it would be worth it to see the film. The trip by car only took 10 minutes, but it felt like an hour to me. When I reached the cinema, I was delighted to see that nobody was waiting in line. But I quickly found out that it was because they had already sold all the tickets.
1)、He tried to go to the cinema every day but he only got there three times.
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B.F
答案:B
2)、It seems that the writer of the story works in a small town.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The underlined word “delighted” may be replaced (替换) by “surprised”.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、The writer could buy the tickets neither before nor after work hours.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The best title of the story is “Ticket sold out”.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
29、Today the official language of the United Sates and most of Canada is English. However, French almost became the official language because of a war.
The French and Indian War was fought between 1754 and 1763. The name of this war is not accurate because the war was actually between England and France. The Indian fought on the side of the French.
France and England were trying to gain control of North America. France held Canada, and England held part of what is now the United States. However, France tried to expand its land by moving southward into New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Virginia. When the French built a fort on the Ohio River, the residents in Virginia sent George Washington to attack the fort in 1754. However, the French defeated Washington.
The French, aided by Indians, outsmarted(更精明) the English and won many early battles. Later, the British began to do well against the French. In the final battle in Quebec, Canada, General Wolfe of England faced General Montcalm from France. Both general died in this battle, but the English outlasted(比……持久)the French and won the battle. Thus, most of North America today has the English culture and language.
1)、A good title for this selection is The French and Indian War.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Most of North America today has the English culture and language.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、General Wolfe died in France.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Washington lost his battle at the fort on the Ohio River at the end of the war.
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B.F
答案:B
5)、Both general died in the final battle.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
30、Chinese New Year, which is also called the Spring Festival(节目), is the most important festival in China. The holiday begins on the first day of the new cycle(循环)of the moon, which occurs in late January or early February. The celebration will last 2 weeks.
In the week before the New Year, families clean their houses in order to sweep away all the bad lucks.
On the evening before the New Year, families gather for a big feast(盛宴). They prepare all kinds of dishes and dumplings(饺子). At midnight, they set off fireworks(焰火).
On the first day of the New Year, people put on new clothes and then they take gifts to friends and relatives. The adults(成人)usually give new year bonus(压岁钱)to their children.
During the Spring Festival, the most special activity is the dragon and lion dances. As many as 50 or more people support special dragons and lions which are made of cloth, while dancing down the street.
The celebrations end with the Lantern Festival(元宵节)on the 15th day of the 1stmonth of the lunar year.
1)、The most important festival in China is the Spring Festival.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The celebration of the Spring Festival will last 2 weeks.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、In order to get away the bad lucks in the old days, in the week before the Spring Festival, people light fireworks.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、On the first day of the Spring Festival, the children are given some money.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The dragons and lions which people use in the dances are made of metal.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
31、In 1933 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the filmmaker Walt Disney. He had an unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney's cartoon(动画片) film for children. When Walt Disney heard Nash's voice, he said,"Stop! That's our duck!"
The duck was the now-famous Donald Duck, who first appeared in 1934 in the film The Wise Little Hen. Donald lived in an old houseboat and wore his sailor jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star after an eight-minute Mickey Mouse film. The cinema audience liked him because he was lazy and greedy, and because he lost his temper very quickly. And they loved his voice when he became angry with Mickey's eight nephews. Soon Donald was more popular than Mickey Mouse himself, probably because he wasn't a goody-goodylike Mickey.
In the 1930s, 40s and 50s Donald and his friends Mickey, Goofy and Pluto made hundreds of Disney cartoons. He also made educational films about the place of the USA in the world and safety in the home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared---there were no more new cartoons.
Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today's children can still see the old cartoons on television and hear that famous voice.
1)、Walt Disney made Donald Duck film.
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B.F
答案:A
2)、The first Donald Duck film was made in 1934.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Clarence Nash was a film-maker.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、The underlined word “audience” in the second paragraph means readers.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The underlined word “goody-goody” in the second paragraph means a person who likes to appear to be faultless in behavior.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
32、One evening a little girl was sitting with her father in the living room. They were both reading. Her father was reading the newspaper and she was reading a book, but every once in a while she sounded a word that she didn't understand and asked him to explain it to her.
“Daddy,” she said, “what's a gossip?”
“a gossip,” said her father, “is someone who repeats unpleasant things about other people, someone who talks about people behind their back.”
“Oh,” she said, “you mean like Mrs. Stein.”
“That's right,” said her father, and he continued, reading his paper.
A few moments later, she interrupted him again.
“Daddy,” she said, “what's a bore?”
“A bore,” said her father, trying to be patient, “is a person who is not interesting, a person who talks about himself all the time, for example.”
“Oh, you mean someone like Mr. Kelly?” she asked.
“Exactly,” answered her father, returning to his paper.
“Daddy?” she said, with a question in her voice.
“Yes?” said her father, losing his patience. “What is it now?”
“Daddy,” said the little girl. “what's a pain in the neck?”
Her father put down his newspaper, looked at her kindly saying, “A pain in the neck is a girl who keeps asking her father questions while he is trying to read the newspaper.”
1)、The little girl asked her father new words from time to time.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The little girl's father was reading newspaper.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、When the little girl asked her father questions, he tried to answer her.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The little girl asked her father two questions.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The phrase “a pain in the neck” means that someone hurts his neck and he feels pain.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
33、What makes a person a scientist? Does he have ways or tools of learning that are different from those of others? The answer is “no”. It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that makes him a scientist. You will probably agree that knowing how to use a power is important to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to investigate, how to discover information, is important to everyone. The scientist, however, goes one step further, he must be sure that he has a reasonable answer to his questions and that his answer can be confirmed by other persons. He also works to fit the answers he gets to many questions into a large set of ideas about how the world works.
The scientist’s knowledge must be exact. There is no room for half right or right just half the time. He must be as nearly right as the conditions permit. What works under one set of conditions at one time must work under the same conditions at other times. If the conditions are different, any changes the scientist observes in a demonstration must be explained by the changes in the conditions. This is one reason that investigations are important in science. Albert Einstein, who developed the Theory of Relativity, arrived at this theory through mathematics. The accuracy of his mathematics was later tested through investigations, and Einstein’s ideas were shown to be correct. A scientist uses many tools for measurements. Then the measurements are used to make mathematical calculations that may test his investigations.
1)、What makes a scientist according to the passage? ________
A.The tools he uses.
B.The way he uses his tools.
C.His ways of learning.
D.The various tools he uses.
答案:B
2)、The underlined part in the passage shows_______.
A.the importance of information
B.the importance of thinking
C.the difference between scientists and ordinary people
D.the difference between carpenters and people with other jobs
答案:C
3)、A sound scientific theory should be one that _________.
A.works not only under one set of conditions at one time, but also under the same conditions at other times
B.does not allow any changes even under different conditions
C.can be used for many purposes
D.leaves no room for improvement
答案:A
4)、The author quotes the case of Albert Einstein to illustrate __________.
A.that measurements are keys to success in science
B.that accuracy of mathematics
C.that investigations are important in science
D.that the mathematical calculations may test his investigations
答案:C
5)、What is the main idea of the passage? ________
A.The theory of relativity.
B.Exactness is the core of science.
C.Scientists are different from ordinary people.
D.Exactness and ways of using tools are the keys to the making of a scientist.
答案:D
34、She is a cute, quiet girl. As a daughter, she has no secrets from her mother, who is very pleased with her. But these days she has become not so open as before. She has a diary that she keeps under lock and key. Her mother cannot help worrying about her. “What will I do if she falls in love, which is too early for her age? After all she is reaching the dangerous time”. These thoughts have caused trouble in the mother’s mind.
One weekend, the girl came to tell her mother that she was going to the cinema with her schoolmates and would return late. This was the first time her mother had agreed, and she couldn’t help worrying because her daughter had never been away at night before. The mother waited till nine. She decided to go out to meet her daughter. Just at that time, she heard the noise of a car parking. She went to the window and saw her daughter waving goodbye to a boy. Her heart missed a beat. When the girl came in, the mother was watching TV, pretending nothing had happened. “Mum, I’m back.” “Yeah.” “Sorry to be late. Still sitting up?” “Yes. Oh, that…Who is that boy?” The daughter got a surprise. “Ah…He is my monitor. He gave me a lift on his way home. Mum, I’m going to bed.” “All right. Go to sleep early.”
The next morning, when the mother went to the daughter’s room to do some cleaning, she found her diary left on the bed. After a few minutes’ thinking, she at last opened it to the page of the night before. It read: Mum, it is love that made you ask, but it would show your understanding of me if you hadn’t. 
1)、The mother worried because her daughter always went back home too late.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、The mother used to be pleased with her daughter.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The daughter was surprised because her mother knew she stayed with a boy that night.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The mother found her daughter's diary because the girl forgot to lock her diary and left it on the bed.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The article tells parents that children need more understanding than love.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
35、Six people were travelling in a compartment(包厢) on a train. Five of them were quiet and well behaved, but the sixth was a rude young man who was causing a lot of trouble to the other passengers.
At a station this young man got out with his two heavy bags. None of the other passengers helped him, but one of them waited until the rude young man was very far away. Then he opened the window and shouted to the young man, "You left something behind in the compartment!" Then he closed the windows again.
The young man turned around and hurried back with his two bags. He was very tired when he arrived, but he shouted through the window, "What did I leave behind?"
As the train began to move again, the passenger who had called him back opened the window and said, "A very bad impression!"
1)、One of the passengers helped the young man.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、The sixth young man was impolite.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Having heard the shout, the young man was frightened.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、The young man left something unpleasant in the train.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The other passengers were not happy with the young man's behavior.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
36、New York, London, Paris and other big cities are exciting places to live in. There are many interesting things to see and to do. You can go to different kinds of museums, parks and cinemas. You can also go shopping to buy things from all over the world.
But there are some problems in big cities, too. The cost of living is high, and there are too many people in some places of big cities. Every year many people move to the cities because there are some chances to find good jobs, to study at good schools, and to see good doctors. But sometimes these people cannot find work or a good place to live in. Also, too many people in a small place make it hard to keep the cities safe and clean.
Some people enjoy living in big cities, but others do not. Before people move to big cities, they should think about the problems of living there.
1)、All people like to live in big cities.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、In big cities people can go to different kinds of museums.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The writer advises people not to move to a big city without thinking about the problems there.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Big cities have problems too.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The best title for this passage is “Advantages of living in Big cities”.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
37、A man was traveling abroad in a small red car. One day he left the car and went shopping. When he came back, its roof was badly damaged. Some boys told him that an elephant had damaged it. The man did not believe them, but they took him to a circus which was near there. The owner of the elephant said,” I am very sorry! My elephant has a big, round, red chair. He thought that your car was his chair, and he sat on it!" Then he gave the man a letter, in which he said that he was sorry and that he would pay for all the damage. When the man got back to his own country, the customs officers would not believe his story. They said, "You sold your new car while you were abroad and bought this old one”. It was only when the man showed them the letter from the circus man that they believed him.
1)、The car was damaged because there was a traffic accident.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、A man was traveling abroad in a red car.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The circus man said that he would pay for all of the damage.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、When the man got back to his country, the customs officers didn't believe his words.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The letter from the police made the officers believe him.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
38、Bill and Fred are students, and they're good friends. They don't have much money, so when it is time for their holidays, Bill says, "Let's take our holidays in a trailer, Fred. It's cheaper than a hotel. I can borrow my father's trailer." Fred is very happy, and they begin their holidays.
They want to get up early the next morning to go fishing, but they don't have a clock.
"That's all right, Bill." Fred says, "I put these small pieces of bread on the roof(房顶) of the trailer at night and they will wake us up in the morning."
Bill is very surprised, but he doesn't say a word. Fred is right. Early the next morning, some small birds come down on the roof to eat the bread and they make a lot of noise. Bill and Fred get up when they hear the noise.
1)、A trailer is something like a house.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Bill and Fred take their holidays in a trailer because they do not have enough money.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Their first problem is to find the place for their holiday.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Bill thinks out a good way to get up early.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The birds come down on the roof to eat the bread.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
39、When friends come to visit us in the evening, they spend their time telling us they are in a hurry and looking at their watches. It isn’t that our friends are all very busy; it is just that we haven’t got a television. People think that we are very strange. “But what do you do in the evening?” they are always asking. The answer is very simple. Both my wife and I have hobbies. We certainly don’t spend our evenings staring at the walls. My wife enjoys cooking and painting and often attends evening classes in foreign languages. This is particularly useful as we often go abroad for our holidays. I collect stamps and I’m always busy with my collection. Both of us enjoy listening to the music and playing chess together.
Sometimes there are power cuts(断电) and we have no electricity in the house. This does not worry us; we just light candles and carry on with what we were doing before. Our friends, however, are lost---no television! So they don’t know what to do. On such evenings our house is very full, and they all come to us. They all have a good time. Instead of sitting in silence in front of the television, everybody talks and plays games.
1)、Their friends don't like to stay at the couple's house as there is not a television.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The couple have not got a television, because they enjoy spending evenings in their own ways.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、At night when there is no electricity, the couple can do nothing but sit in silence.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、The writer tries to tell us that life is enjoyable with many friends.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The best title for this passage may be “We Go Without Televisions”.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
40、Bob was happy. He was at a new school, and the other students were friendly. "Hi, Bob!" they said. But some students said, "Hi, Peter!" Bob didn't understand. He asked another student, "Why do some students call me Peter?"
"Oh, that's easy to answer," the students said. "Peter was a student here last year. Now he goes to a different school. You look like Peter. Some students think that you're Peter."
Bob wanted to meet Peter. He got Peter's address from a student and went to Peter's house. Peter opened the door. Bob couldn't believe his eyes. He looked really like Peter! Bob and Peter had the same color eyes and the same smile. They had the same black hair. They also had the same birthday. And they both were adopted(领养) by two different families.
Bob and Peter found out that they were twin brothers. Soon after the boys were born, one family adopted Bob, and another family adopted Peter. Bob's family never knew about Peter, and Peter's family never knew about Bob.
Bob and Peter's story was in the newspaper. There was a photo of Bob and Peter next to the story. A young man named John saw the photo in the newspaper. John couldn't believe his eyes. He looked really like Bob and Peter! He had the same color eyes and the same smile. He had the same black hair. He had the same birthday. And he, too, was adopted by another family.
Later John met Bob and Peter. When Bob and Peter saw John, they couldn't believe their eyes. John looked really like them! Why did John look really like Bob and Peter? You can guess. Bob and Peter are not twins. Bob, Peter and John are triplets(三胞胎).
1)、Bob was happy at a new school.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Some students thought Bob was Peter.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Bob saw Peter at school.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、John knew the story from a book.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、Bob, Peter and John were triplets.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
41、We spent a day in the country and picked a lot of flowers. Our car was full of flowers inside! On the way home we had to stop at traffic lights, and there my wife saw the bookshelf. It stood outside a furniture shop. "Buy it," she said at once. "We'll carry it home on the roof-rack(车顶架). I've always wanted one like that."
What could I do? Ten minutes later I was twenty dollars poorer, and the bookshelf was tied on to the roof rack. It was tall and narrow, quite heavy, too.
As it was getting darker, I drove slowly. Other drivers seemed more polite than usual that evening. The police even stopped traffic to let us through. Carrying furniture was a good idea.
After a time my wife said, "There's a long line of cars behind. Why don't they overtake(超车)?" Just at that time a police car did overtake. The two officers inside looked at us seriously when they went past. But then, with a kind smile they asked us to follow their car through the busy traffic. The police car stopped at our village church. One of the officers came to me.
"Right, sir," he said. "Do you need any more help now?"
I didn't quite understand. "Thanks, officer," I said. "You've been very kind. I live just down the road."
He was looking at our things: first at the flowers, then at the bookshelf. "Well, well," he said and laughed. "It's a bookshelf you've got there! We thought it was--er, something else."
My wife began to laugh. Suddenly I understood why the police drove here. I smiled at the officer. "Yes, it's a bookshelf, but thanks again." I drove home as fast as I could.
1)、Carrying furniture was "a good idea" as other drivers would let him go first.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、From the story we know that the writer was not very glad to buy the bookshelf for his wife.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The police were rude with the writer and his wife.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、The writer's wife laughed as now she knew the mistake the police had made.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The officers began to realize they had made a mistake before arriving at the church.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
42、Our child's behavior is greatly influenced by the way we react to what he has done. Our reactions help to determine whether our child will repeat his behavior or whether he will do something different. This statement is a very important part of a principle of behavioral psychology.
The principle states that a behavior is influenced or affected by how the environment ---- people, places and things ---- immediately responds to the behavior. Perhaps without realizing it, you have used this principle many times.
On the occasion when you told your child what a good boy he was after he cleaned up his room, you used the principle. When you sent your child to his room for fighting with his brother, you used the principle. When I gave Kim a cookie after she started to cry, I used the principle. In each of these examples, a particular behavior occurred first ---- cleaning up a room, fighting, and crying.
In addition, there was a reaction to each behavior ---- the child was praised, sent to his room, or given a cookie. By these actions, we have influenced the previous behaviors and have helped to determine whether those behaviors will occur again in the future.
 
1)、The lecture is mainly about Children's behavior and our response.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The lecture is based on the principle in behavioral psychology.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The audience at this lecture might be social workers.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、According to the lecture, the child was sent to his room as a kind of reward.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、People, places and things are elements of "environment" meant by the lecturer.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
43、A famous American writer was visiting Japan last year. He went to a university to talk to a large group of students. As most of them could not understand English, he had to have an interpreter(翻译员).
In his talk, he told an interesting story. He spoke for a long time and then stopped for the interpreter to put into Japanese. But he was very surprised that the interpreter did this in a very few words, and all the students began to laugh.
After the talk, the writer thanked the interpreter for his good work, and then said to him, "Now please tell me how you could put my long story into a very short Japanese one."
"I didn't tell the story at all," the man answered with a smile. "I only said, 'Our American friend has just told a very interesting story. Now please laugh, all of you!"
1)、The interpreter helped the students to understand a few of the writer's words.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、The famous writer talked to the students in their language.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、The students laughed because the interpreter told them to do so.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、So the students knew nothing of the story.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、An interpreter must know all the languages.
 
A.T
B.F
答案:B
44、I was very disappointed not to be able to go to the jazz concert last Friday. The advertisement in the paper said that you could buy tickets at the theatre(剧院)box office in Richland Hills any day between 10:00 and 4:00. Since I work from 9 o'clock to 5:30, the only time I could go to the theater was during my 45-minute lunch break. Unluckily, the theatre is on the other side of the town, and the bus service between my office and Richland Hills is not very good. But if you are lucky, you can make the round trip in 45 minutes.
Last Monday, I stood at the bus stop for 15 minutes waiting for a bus. By the time I saw one come around the corner, there was not enough time left to make the trip, so I gave up and went back to the office. The same thing happened on Tuesday, and again on Wednesday. On Thursday, my luck changed, I got on a bus right away and arrived at the theatre in exactly 20 minutes. When I got there, however, I found a long line of people at the box office. I heard one man say he had been waiting in line for over an hour. Realizing I would not have enough time to wait in line, I caught the next bus and headed back across the town. By Friday I realized my only hope was to make the trip by taxi. It was not cheap, but I felt it would be worth it to hear the concert. The trip by taxi only took 10 minutes, but it felt like an hour to me. When I got to the theatre, I was relieved to see that nobody was waiting in line. The reason, I quickly discovered, was that they had already sold all the tickets.
1)、The writer may be a salesman.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、He learned that there would be a concert last Friday over the radio.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、He tried to go to the theatre every day but only managed to get there one time.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、He failed to get the ticket on Friday because the tickets had been sold out.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The underlined word "relieved" means "pleased".
A.T
B.F
答案:A
45、My grandparents can be good fun. They are retired, so they don't work anymore. My grandfather is 68 and my grandmother is 67, but they are not too old to be active. They exercise by playing golf and they go out for meals and to the theater. Sometimes they take me out, too. We have a good time. They also go on great holidays. Last year, they went to China and walked along the Great Wall!
Sometimes, my grandparents like to criticize me. They think that children today have an easy life. Life was very different when they were young and there are many things about my life that they do not understand. They tell me, over and over, how they had to start work at 16. They know that I will go on to university and won't be getting a job until I am 22! They also think that I have too many possessions, such as mobile phones, computers and PSPs. When they were young, they did not have anything like that. What they do not realize is that they cannot compare children at present time. They had the same kinds of things as the rest of people of their age, so do I. It would be very strange if I only had the possessions that they had when they were my age.
1)、My grandparents sometimes criticize me. One reason is that children today have an easy life.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Grandparents don't work anymore because they are tired.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、Grandparents had the same kinds of things as people of their age when they were young.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The sentence "but they are not too old to be active" means that they are old, so they are not active.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、My grandparents don't understand many things about my life.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
46、A young man who refused to give his name dived into the river yesterday morning to save a twelve-year-old boy. The boy was in danger in the river. He had been swimming in the river and caught his foot between two concrete posts under the bridge. He shouted out for help. At the time a young man was riding across the bridge on his bicycle. He quickly got down and dived into the river. He then freed the boy's foot and helped him to the river bank where a small crowd had collected. The boy thanked his rescuer sincerely, then ran off down the road. He was last seen climbing over a gate before disappearing over the top of the hill. The young man who was about 20 years of age said, "I don't blame the boy for not giving his name. Why should he? If he wants to swim in the river, that's his business. And if I want to help him, that's mine. You can not have my name either." He then ran back to the bridge, got his bicycle and rode away.
1)、The young man jumped into the river immediately when he saw the boy in danger.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The 12-year-old boy had his foot caught between two concrete posts in the river.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、The little boy thanked the young man after being rescued.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The young man heard "help" when he was running across the bridge.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The young man was about 24 years old.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
47、Great changes have been made in family life because of science and industry.
In the past, when more Americans lived on farms, the typical family had many children. In a farm family, parents and their children often lived with grandparents. Often, too, uncles and aunts lived nearby. But when industry became more important than agriculture in American life, families became smaller because industry requires workers who are ready and able to move off the land and to move again whenever necessary. And large families can not be moved from place to place as smaller families can. So, at present people tend to have smaller families.
In the future, because of industrialization, a typical family will be required to move even more often than now, so families will be even smaller. The typical family may remain childless and consists only of a man and a woman. A small number of families may take child raising as their chief work. At the same time they may also raise other people's children, leaving those families free to move from job to job.
1)、The passage discusses influence of science and industry on American families.              
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Families of the past, the present and the future are described in the passage.                   
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、People no longer want to have children.                                               
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Grandparents will take the chief responsibility of raising children in the future.    
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、Large families cannot fit in with a highly industrialized society.                          
A.T
B.F
答案:A
48、Morgan Rees has always been a good businessman. He used to own three petrol stations and was busy most of the time. When he was 65, the normal retirement age, he decided that he didn't want to stop, so he carried on working for another two years. Eventually, when he was nearly 68, his wife, Dolly, asked him to retire because she wanted to enjoy their old age together. Reluctantly, he handed over the business to his son.
But he was unhappy. He didn't know what to do with himself. Although he read a lot of books and he went on holiday to interesting places with his wife, he was bored and began to get depressed because he hated being retired.
Then one day he saw an advertisement in the newspaper and, without telling his wife, he bought a small crockery (陶器) factory. The next week he told his family. They were horrified and worried. They thought he was too old at 71 to start work again.
He is now 76 and he has expanded the company considerably. He has increased the number of staff from 6 to 24 and he has found many new customers for the products. He has developed the export market and has improved profits by 200%. He has opened a new design office and employed three young designers. They have been all over the world to get new ideas, and one of them has gone to France this week to a major trade fair. Most importantly, he hasn't been bored since he bought the factory.
1)、The topic sentence of Para. 1 is ______.
A.Morgan Rees has always been a good businessman
B.he used to own three petrol stations and was busy most of the time
C.when Morgan Rees was 65, he got retired
D.reluctantly, he handed over the business to his son
答案:A
2)、The topic sentence of Para. 2 is ______.
A.he didn't know what to do with himself
B.he went on holiday to interesting places with his wife
C.he was unhappy after he got retired
D.none of them
答案:C
3)、Which of the following statements can best express the main idea of Para. 3?
A.One day he saw an advertisement in the newspaper.
B.He bought a small crockery factory in secret and started work again.
C.He told his family he bought a small crockery factory.
D.His family was horrified and worried when they learned he bought the small factory.
答案:B
4)、What is the central idea of the last paragraph?
A.Morgan Rees has worked until he is 76.
B.Morgan Rees has developed the export market and improved the profits by 200%.
C.Morgan Rees hasn't been bored since he bought the factory.
D.Since he started working again, Morgan Rees has expanded the company considerably, which has enriched his retired life.
答案:D
5)、The passage mainly deals with ______.
A.why Morgan Rees bought a small crockery factory
B.how Morgan Rees lived his retired life more happily by turning to work again
C.how Moran Rees became a good businessman
D.how Moran Rees expanded the company considerably
答案:B
49、When John and Victoria Falls arrived in New York City for one-year stay, they did not bring very many things with them. They had planned either to live in a furnished apartment or to buy used furniture. But they soon learned about a new system that more and more people are using. The renting of home furnishings (bed, tables, dishes, and so on) has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses.
What kinds of people rent their home furnishings instead of buying them? People who are international business or government officials, foreign students, airline workers, young married couples - people whose job or business may force them to move frequently from one city to another. They save a lot of trouble and the cost of moving their furniture each time. They simply rent new furniture when they reach their new homes. Young people with little money do not want to buy cheap furniture that they may soon dislike. They prefer to wait until they have enough money to buy furniture they really like. Meanwhile, they find they can rent better quality furniture than they could afford to buy.
One family, who now have a large, beautiful home of their own, liked their rented furniture so much that they decided to keep renting it instead of buying new things. But usually people don’t like to tell others about it. The idea of renting home furnishings is still quite new, and they are not sure what their neighbors might think.
1)、Which of the following has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses?
A.Selling home furnishings.
B.Renting furnished apartments.
C.Selling used furniture.
D.Renting home furnishings.
答案:D
2)、Why do some people prefer to rent furniture?
A.Because the furniture they get in this way is new.
B.Because it saves them a lot of money.
C.Because it saves them much trouble and money.
D.Because they can always get better quality furniture in this way.
答案:C
3)、What can you infer from the passage?
A.The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable.
B.Renting furniture is not popular in the couple’s home town.
C.Only those who don’t have enough money to rent furniture.
D.People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented.
答案:B
4)、Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?
A.Rent or Buy?
B.A New Way of Getting Home Furnishings.
C.Furnished Apartments.
D.A New Idea.
答案:B
5)、Young people liked renting home furniture because_________
A.they have less money.
B.they don’t want to buy old furniture.
C.the new furniture is of good quality.
D.they don’t have much money and don’t want to buy the cheap furniture.
答案:D
50、Once James Thornhill, a famous English painter, was asked to paint some pictures on the walls of the king's palace in England.
Then workers were sent for and a big platform(台子)was made.
With the help of a worker, Thornhill started painting on the platform. They worked for a whole year and at last the pictures were ready.
Thornhill was happy when he looked at the pictures, for they were really beautiful. He looked at them for a long time, and then took one step back and looked again. Now the pictures were even more beautiful. He took another step, then another. Finally he was at the very edge of the platform, but he didn't know it because he was thinking of his pictures.
The worker saw everything. "What should I do?" he thought. "Thornhill was at the very edge of the platform. If I cry out, he will take another step, fall off it and surely be killed. "So the worker quickly took some paint(漆)and threw it at the pictures.
"What are you doing?" cried the painter, running quickly forward to his pictures.
1)、James Thornhill was an English ______.
A.worker
B.artist
C.king
D.writer
答案:B
2)、He was ordered to ______.
A.paint the wall of the king's palace in England
B.paint some pictures on the wall of the palace
C.build a big platform in front of the palace
D.put up some new pictures on the old wall
答案:B
3)、It took them ______ to finish the pictures.
A.a month
B.a week
C.twelve months
D.half a month
答案:C
4)、James Thornhill felt that the ______ he was from the pictures, the  ______ they were.
A.nearer…more beautiful
B.farther…more ugly
C.farther…more beautiful
D.higher above…more good-looking
答案:C
5)、The worker threw some paint at the pictures in order to ______.
A.save James' life
B.destroy the picture
C.make the picture more beautiful
D.make the king angry
答案:A
51、When I was a little girl, my brothers and I collected stamps for many years. My mother didn't use to work during the week, but she worked in the post office near our house on Saturdays, and she used to bring home all the new stamps as soon as they were issued (发行).
On the day of the World Cup football final in London in 1966, we were very excited because England were playing West Germany in the final. When we were having lunch, my mother told us to go to the post office straightaway after the match if England won, but she didn't tell us why. At 2 o'clock my mother went back to work as usual, while the rest of the family were watching the football on TV at home. Although she wasn't watching the match, she was listening to it on the radio.
England won 4:2 and so my brothers and I ran to the post office. As we burst in, my mother was standing behind the counter. She was waiting to sell us a very special limited edition with ENGLAND WINNERS on each stamp. We were over the moon.
We still have it today,and perhaps it is worth a lot of money. 
1)、This passage mainly tells us ______.
A.the author and her brother used to like stamps very much
B.the author had a very kind mother
C.the author and her brothers had an unforgettable experience in collecting stamps
D.their mother used to support them by working in the post office
答案:C
2)、According to the passage, her mother worked in the post office ______.
A.during the week
B.on Saturdays
C.on Sundays
D.for six days
答案:B
3)、Their mother told them to go to the post office straightaway after the match if England won, but she didn't tell them why. Why do you think she did that?
A.She wanted to give them a surprise.
B.She doubted if she would get the stamps.
C.She forgot to do that.
D.She thought it unnecessary to tell them the reason.
答案:A
4)、What does the sentence "We were over the moon." mean? 
A.We jumped high.
B.We were extremely happy about it.
C.We watched the moon for a long time.
D.We couldn't sleep the whole night.
答案:B
5)、What is the best title for this passage?
A.My Childhood
B.My Mother
C.A Precious Stamp
D.A Memorable Experience in Collecting Stamps
答案:D
52、Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and self-conscious; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. Worrisome thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: what kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing unattractive clothes?
It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must negatively affect people. A person’s conception of himself or herself is reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a profound effect on all areas of their lives.
Shy people, having low self-esteem, are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others. They need reassurance that they are doing “the right thing.” Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their feelings of inferiority. They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliment with a statement like this one, “You’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.” It is clear that while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.
Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? Fortunately, people can overcome shyness with determined and patient efforts in building self-confidence. Since shyness goes hand in hand with a lack of self-esteem, it is important for people to accept their weaknesses as well as their strengths.
Each one of us is a unique, worthwhile individual, interested in our own personal ways. The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our full potential. Let’s not allow shyness to block our chances for a rich and fulfilling life.
1)、What does the author try to prove by citing “what kind of impression am I making?” (Para. 1)__________
A.Shy people benefit from their caring about their appearance.
B.People’s shyness make them care too much about their appearance and actions.
C.It’s natural that shy people don’t believe other’s compliments.
D.Shy people think they are different from others.
答案:B
2)、According to the writer, self-awareness is __________.
A.a good quality
B.the cause of unhappiness
C.harmful to people
D.a weak point of shy people
答案:A
3)、That shy people react to a compliment in such a way is ___________.
A.good
B.unreal
C.very reasonable
D.harmful
答案:D
4)、Which of the following statements is true, according to the passage? _________
A.Shyness helps us to develop our potential
B.Shyness enables us to understand ourselves better
C.Shyness can block our chances for a rich life
D.Shyness has nothing to do with lack of self-esteem
答案:C
5)、It can be inferred from the passage that shy people ________.
A.should find more of their weakness
B.should understand themselves in the right way
C.had better ignore their weakness
D.can get rid of their shyness while maintaining low self-esteem
答案:B
53、A characteristic of American culture that has become almost a tradition is to respect the self-made man - the man who has risen to the top through his own efforts, usually beginning by working with his hands. While the leader in business or industry or the college professor occupies a higher social position and commands greater respect in the community than the common laborer or even the skilled factory worker, he may take pains to point out that his father started life in America as a farmer or laborer of some sort.
This attitude toward manual (体力的) labor is now still seen in many aspects of American life. One is invited to dinner at a home that is not only comfortably but even luxuriously (豪华地) furnished and in which there is every evidence of the fact that the family has been able to afford foreign travel, expensive hobbies, and college education for the children; yet the hostess probably will cook the dinner herself, will serve it herself and will wash dishes afterward; furthermore,  the dinner will not consist merely of something quickly and easily assembled from contents of various cans and a cake or a pie bought at the nearby bakery. On the contrary, the hostess usually takes pride in careful preparation of special dishes. A professional may talk about washing the car, digging in his flowerbeds, painting the house. His wife may even help with these things, just as he often helps her with the dishwashing. The son who is away at college may wait on table and wash dishes for his living, or during the summer he may work with a construction gang on a highway in order to pay for his education.
1)、From Para. 1, we know that in America _________.
A.people tend to have a high opinion of the self-made man
B.people can always rise to the top through their won efforts
C.college professors win great respect from common workers
D.people feel painful to mention their fathers as labors
答案:A
2)、According to the passage, the hostess cooks dinner herself mainly because _________.
A.servants in America are hard to get.
B.she takes pride in what she can do herself
C.she can hardly afford servants
D.it is easy to prepare a meal with canned food
答案:B
3)、The underlined expression “wait on table” in Para. 2 means “_________”.
A.work in a furniture shop
B.keep accounts for a bar
C.wait to lay the table
D.serve customers in a restaurant
答案:D
4)、The author’s attitude towards manual labor is _______.
A.positive
B.negative
C.humorous
D.critical
答案:A
5)、Which of the following could be the best title of the passage?
A.A Respectable Self-made Family
B.American Attitude toward Manual Labor
C.Characteristics of American Culture
D.The Development of Manual Labor
答案:B
54、Man is a land animal, but he is also closely tied to the sea. Throughout history the sea has served the needs of man. The sea has provided man with food and a convenient way to travel to many parts of the world. Toady, nearly two-thirds of the world's population live within eighty kilometers off the sea coast.
In the modern technological world the sea offers many resources to help mankind survive. Resources on land are beginning to be used up. The sea, however, still offers hope to supply many of man's needs in the future.
The riches of the sea yet to be developed by man's technology are impressive. Oil and gas explorations have been carried out for nearly thirty years. Valuable amounts of minerals such as iron, copper and so on exist on the ocean floor ready to be mined.
Fishing farming promises to be a good way to produce large quantities of food. The culture of fish and shellfish is an ancient skill practiced in the past mainly by Oriental people.
Besides oil and gas, the sea may offer new sources of energy. For example, warm temperature of the ocean can be used in a way similar to the steam in a steamship. Ocean currents and waves may also offer a source of energy.
Technology is enabling man to explore even more deeply under the sea. It is obvious that the technology to harvest the sea continues to improve. Experts believe that by the year 2050 the problems to explore the food, minerals and energy resources of the sea will be largely solved.
1)、The major things that the sea offers man are the food, energy sources, and minerals.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The sea serves the needs of man because it offers minerals to man.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、We can conclude from this passage that the sea, in a broad sense, has not yet been explored fully.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The underlined words "Oriental people" in the 4th paragraph probably mean "Asian people".
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、The best title for this passage is "Use of the Sea for Man's Profit".
A.T
B.F
答案:A
55、Tom had a few days' holiday, so he said, "I'm going to the north by train." He put on his best clothes, took a small bag and got into the train. He had a beautiful hat, and he often put his head out of the window during the trip and looked at the hills and rivers. But the wind took his hat off.
Tom quickly took up his old bag and threw it out of the window too.
The other people in the train laughed. "Is your bag going to bring your beautiful hat back?"they asked.
"No," Tom answered, "but there's no name and no address in my hat, and there is a name and an address on the bag. Someone is going to find both of them near each other, and he's going to send me the bag and the hat."
1)、Tom looked out of the window in the train.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Tom went to the north to have a holiday with a hat and a bag.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Tom liked to see the beautiful hills and rivers.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Tom thought he was going to lose his hat.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、Tom thought he was clever to throw his bag out.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
56、A group of frogs were traveling through the woods, and two of them fell into a deep pit. When the other frogs saw how deep the pit was, they told the two frogs that they were as good as dead. The two frogs ignored the comments and tried to jump up out of the pit with all their might. The other frogs kept telling them to stop, that they were as good as dead. Finally, one of the frogs took heed of(倾听) what the other frogs were saying and gave up. He fell down and died.
The other frog continued to jump as hard as he could. Once again, the crowd of frogs shouted  at him to stop the pain and just die. He jumped even harder and finally made it out. When he got out, the other frogs said, "Didn't you hear us?" The frog explained to them that he was a little deaf. He thought they were encouraging him the entire time.
This story teaches us two lessons:
1. There is power of life and death in the tongue. An encouraging word to someone who is down can lift him up and help him make it through the day.
2. A destructive word to someone who is down can be what it takes to kill him.
Be careful of what you say. The power of words is sometimes hard to understand because an encouraging word can go such a long way. Anyone can speak words that tend to rob another of the spirit to continue in difficult times. Special is the individual who will take the time to encourage another.
1)、The expression "as good as" (in line 2, paragraph 1) means almost, practically.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、When other frogs told the two frogs there was no hope, the two frogs gave up their efforts immediately.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、One of the frogs fell down and died because he was so tired.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、The other frog managed to jump out of the pit because he was very strong physically.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、People should avoid saying destructive words to those who are in trouble.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
 

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